Cyprus President proposes series of measures in reply to Feltman’s questions

The Treaty of Guarantees has failed both in serving its purpose and its goal as well as in ensuring the smooth operation of the Republic of Cyprus, Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades has told a Conference on Cyprus, on Thursday, in a 16 page document, in which he outlines in a well documented manner his replies to the relevant questions put forward by UN Under Secretary General for political affairs Jeffrey Feltman during the opening session of the Conference, in Crans-Montana, Switzerland.

President Anastasiades replies, sources say, were based in the detailed and in depth proposal on security and guarantees which he has submitted since last September, as well as on Cyprus EU and UN membership status and the safeguards that are derived thereof guaranteeing the human rights and fundamental citizen rights and their protection from any outside threats.

According to the same sources, Anastasiades is said to put forward the argument that the Treaty of Guarantees constitutes a blow to the independence and sovereignty of a UN and EU member state, is in contradiction with the UN Charter, the acquis communautaire and international law in general.

He also puts forward that given that Greece, no longer wishes to continue to be a guarantor power but also the fact that the international state of affairs is entirely different compared to 1960 but also the events of 1974 and the situation until today, any presence of Turkish military troops or Turkish guarantor rights after a solution would be one sided to the detriment of the Greek Cypriot community, since due to the power and proximity of Turkey it would be considered as a permanent threat against Greek Cypriots.

The Treaty, he is said to point out, places one of the two communities and by extension the state itself under the guardianship or the influence of the guarantor power something which would also entail a danger of destabilisation or even of empowering any movement towards secession.

It would also overturn political equality and would cultivate a feeling of supremacy of one community over the other, which as a result would lead to more deadlocks instead of consensus being reached and in turn to destabilisation.

President Anastasiades is also, according to the same sources, said to point out that the security system in place after the solution should be compatible with Cyprus’ EU membership status and the EU’s security architecture.

He proposes, that on the basis of all the above and the fact that it constitutes a permanent source of insecurity, that the Treaty should be abolished at the same time as the entry into force of the agreement.

It should also be taken into consideration that there is no other international example where the constitutional order of one country is under guarantee of any third country, Anastasiades is said to note.

Any provision requiring the continuation of military guarantees would lead to the rejection of the agreement, he points out.

On the question, as to how the concerns of both sides will be met, President Anastasiades is said, according to the same sources to propose the inclusion in the federal state’s constitution of intervention mechanisms to deal with any incidents of violence at constituent state level to begin with and federal state level later.

He refers to a transitional period which will be agreed between the parties, during which a multinational police force will be established staffed from EU member states or third countries, apart from Greece, the United Kingdom and Turkey.

President Anastasiades also notes that the fact that Cyprus is a member state of the UN, the EU and the Council of Europe, will provide sufficient protection to the citizens of a United Cyprus.

He refers to the full respect of bicommunality and bizonality with a series of provisions such as to forbid the federal government to intervene in the remit of responsibility of the any of the constituent states or vice versa, or of one constituent state to intervene to the area of responsibility of the other.

He notes that there will be provisions ensuring an effective participation in the state’s administration by both communities with specific stipulations as to the decision making process avoiding the imposition of the will of one community over the other, constitutional provisions barring the secession or the union of any part or the entire country with any third country, an effective deadlock resolution mechanism in order to enhance the functionality of the state and the protection of the rights of the constituent states.

According to the same sources, President Anastasiades also refers to the importance of a smooth, secure and fast implementation of the solution’s provisions which is recognised by everyone.

He explains that the possibility of a weakness in implementing the solution and the consequences thereof constitute one of the greatest fears and key concerns of the Greek Cypriot community and proposes therefore that the implementation of the solution and state of affairs after the solution are placed under the guarantee of the UN Security Council in accordance with the chapter 7 of the UN Charter.

At the same time, he is said to propose that the EU is given a specific role and an active participation in the solution implementation, beyond the obvious which is connected with the acquis communautaire and the effort to end any transition periods or derogations as soon as possible.

Source: Cyprus News Agency