The President of the Republic received the credentials of the new Ambassador of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

The President of the Republic, Mr Nicos Anastasiades, received today, during a formal ceremony at the Presidential Palace, the credentials of the Ambassador of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to the Republic of Cyprus, stationed in Tel Aviv, Mr Maung Maung Lynn.

Presenting his credentials, the Ambassador said:

Excellency,

I have the honour to present to Your Excellency the Letters of Credence by which His Excellency U Htin Kyaw, President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, has accredited me as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to the Republic of Cyprus, with residence in Tel Aviv.

I deem it a great honour and privilege to have the opportunity of representing my country in the Republic of Cyprus with which Myanmar have always enjoyed friendly relations since the establishment of diplomatic relations between our two countries in July 1985.

I wish to assure Your Excellency that during my tenure, I will endeavour to the best of my ability to further promote the bonds of friendship, understanding and mutual cooperation between our two countries. I am confident that my efforts to attain this shall receive the friendly cooperation and support of the Government and the people of the Republic of Cyprus. I have the honour to mention our support to your efforts, Your Excellency, for reaching a just and viable solution to the Cyprus problem, based on International law, which will reunify the island and its people.

May I take this opportunity to convey to Your Excellency the sincere best wishes from His Excellency U Htin Kyaw, President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, for your personal well-being and for the continued progress and prosperity of the people of the Republic of Cyprus. Please allow me to add my personal best wishes for Your Excellency’s good health and happiness.

I thank Your Excellency.

Receiving the credentials, President Anastasiades said:

Your Excellency,

It is with great pleasure I receive you today as the first Ambassador of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to Cyprus. Your appointment to the Republic of Cyprus is a significant step in our bilateral relations, and signals the start of a new era in our bilateral relations.

Myanmar has made tremendous progress as regards democratization, safeguarding human rights and upholding the rule of law. The path has not been easy. However, combination of the people’s perseverance, international pressure, but above all, the exemplary and courageous stance and leadership of Mrs Aung San Suu Kyi, brought the change that the people of Myanmar deserved.

Your accreditation arrives at a critical juncture whereby Myanmar is working to ensure that ethnic conflict is over, reaffirming its commitment and determination to move further towards democratization. It is a long and tortuous process, with many twists and obstacles, which need to be negotiated and overcome. But the process must continue.

Your arrival in Cyprus constitutes an eventful occasion, the first step in enhancing our bilateral relationship, for the mutual benefit of our peoples. Cyprus, as a member of the EU also stands ready to assist in furthering EU � Myanmar relations � the signing of an Investment Agreement between EU and Myanmar will definitely open a new chapter in this relationship.

Your Excellency,

As regards the latest developments in the negotiations for a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus Problem, a joint meeting was held between the leaders of the two communities with the United Nations Secretary – General on 4 June 2017. During the meeting it was decided to reconvene the Conference on Cyprus, starting on 28 June, with the UN explicitly underlining that the Chapter of Security and Guarantees is an essential element in reaching an overall agreement.

On 30 June, the United Nations Secretary � General, during his first presence and participation in the Conference on Cyprus and following consultations with all parties involved, set the parameters within which, always according to the results of his recommendations, the negotiations should move forward, in order to achieve progress and/or convergences on six thematic topics, including on the Chapter of Security and Guarantees and the issue of foreign troops. The UN Secretary General’s specifically stated:

– The Treaty of Guarantee and the unilateral right of intervention should be terminated, and replaced by strong implementation and monitoring mechanisms of the settlement, which will include an international dimension (UN / multilateral � international framework / friendly countries).

– On foreign troops there must be drastic reduction from the first day of the entry into force of the settlement and, subsequently, the number of forces to be reduced in the 1960 levels; the issue of a clause of the termination for the stay of the troops, or a clause for review should be discussed in the presence of the Prime Ministers of the three guarantor powers.

As a result of the refusal by the Turkish and the Turkish Cypriot side to negotiate within the limits set by the parameters that the UN Secretary – General, and in view of an imminent impasse, our side undertook an initiative, and on July 5, under specific preconditions, submitted specific proposals that addressed the concerns of the Turkish Cypriots, without ignoring the sensitivities of the Greek Cypriot side, always in line with the outline presented by the UN Secretary � General.

Our written proposal clearly stressed that none of the proposals would come into force if the unilateral right of intervention and the guarantees were not terminated; if there was no withdrawal of the occupation forces with a specific timetable; and if the just demands of the Greek Cypriot side on territorial readjustments were not satisfied. At the same time, we proposed a credible monitoring mechanism for the implementation and monitoring of the settlement.

On July 6, in the presence of the UN Secretary � General and during the long consultations that followed, Mr Cavusoglu, albeit implying that Turkey was ready to show flexibility, stubbornly refused to reveal the Turkish positions, while at the same time demanding the prior satisfaction of the Turkish Cypriot positions on the internal dimension of the Cyprus problem, with special emphasis on the need to satisfy the Turkish demand on the issue of the equivalent treatment of Greek and Turkish citizens, and also the Turkish position for the solution to become primary law of the European Union.

In view of the imminent deadlock, the UN Secretary – General took the initiative to propose a short communique that would register generally acceptable positions on the Chapter on Security and Guarantees, and also on some other Chapters where it was thought possible for a convergence of views to be achieved.

Unfortunately, Mr Cavusoglu finally revealed that the position of Turkey remained unchanged and, namely, that the system of security and guarantees and also the right of intervention must be maintained with a review clause in fifteen years’ time, whereas on the issue of the troops the absolute position of Turkey was that whatever number is agreed upon will remain permanently in Cyprus.

In order to avoid aggravation of a further crisis, the Secretary General assumed the burden of responsibility stating that, in view of the developments, it seemed that on the issue of the termination of the Treaty of Guarantee, and the right of intervention, his suggestions throughout the entire duration of the consultations were based on a false understanding that he had formulated during his talks with the Turkish Foreign Minister.

What is most unfortunate and deeply disappointing, is that Turkey, once the process reached a critical point, when it was called to prove in practice that it means business on the Cyprus Problem, and when was expected to deliver on the Chapter of Security and Guarantees, merely repeated its well-known positions, demonstrating that it has no intention to materialize in practice its repeated rhetoric of adopting a constructive stance and positively contributing to the efforts of reaching a settlement

On our behalf, what the Greek Cypriot community would like to convey to the international community, and to Turkey, is that we are strongly committed to negotiate a solution within the parameters that the Secretary General set, if:

First: The Treaties of Guarantee and Alliance, including the right of intervention, are terminated from the first day of the implementation of the settlement.

Second: An effective mechanism for the implementation and monitoring of the settlement is agreed, on the basis of the comprehensive proposal that we have submitted.

Third: A timetable for the complete withdrawal of the occupation forces is agreed, on the basis of the proposal we have submitted.

Our sole aim and purpose, through the proposals we have submitted, is the establishment of a truly independent and sovereign state, free of any third country dependencies.

A modern state, fully harmonized with the European acquis, that will offer the prospect of peaceful co-existence and prospect for the future for all its citizens without exception.

We therefore hope that Turkey, which illegally has more than 40,000 occupation troops in Cyprus, will show a positive respond to our proposals, revisit its intransigent positions particularly in the areas of security and guarantees, and as regards demands that are not in line with Cyprus’s capacity as a member-state of the EU, so as to create sound prospects of achieving an overall agreement.

Excellency,

Four years ago, just after my election as President of the Republic of Cyprus, this country was faced with nothing less than economic collapse. Today, we can proudly -once more- connect Cyprus to growth and potential. The Cyprus economy is emerging stronger and stands ready to face current challenges, utilizing its full potential. For 2016 growth was at 2.8%, one of the highest rates in the European Union and most importantly this growth rate is expected to stay at this level for the next few years. Our efforts to improve the business environment are continuing, and at the same time, our focus on reforms and strengthening the economy’s reliability is strong and decisive.

Despite the economic difficulties that we have faced, our country’s comparative advantages not only remain intact, but have been further enhanced. Cyprus continues to be a highly competitive center for international businesses, offering a platform for operations and preferential access to markets like Europe, Middle East, North Africa and Asia.

We are now focusing on attracting investors in the productive sectors of the economy. This is my Government’s most important priority, following the restoration of the state’s and the financial system’s credibility. The majority of economic sectors in Cyprus present growth opportunities: tourism, telecommunications, shipping, real estate, education, health, transport, research and innovation. The energy sector is also a promising field.

Excellency,

In the execution of your High Duties you may count on the full understanding of myself and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. I would highly appreciate your conveying a message of genuine friendship and good will to the President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, H.E. Mr Uhtin Kyaw, and also for his wellbeing and that of the people of Myanmar.

Present at the ceremony were the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr Ioannis Kasoulides, the Head of Presidency at the Presidential Palace, Mr Michalis Sophocleous, and the Chief of Protocol, Mr Antonis Grivas.

Source: Press and Information Office